A lake is an area, (prototypically filled with water, also of variable size), localized in a basin, that is surrounded by land apart from any river or other outlet that serves to feed or drain the lake. Lakes lie on land and are not part of the ocean, and therefore are distinct from lagoons, and are also larger and deeper thanponds. Lakes can be contrasted with rivers orstreams, which are usually flowing. However most lakes are fed and drained by rivers and streams.
Natural lakes are generally found in mountainous areas, rift zones, and areas with ongoing glaciation. Other lakes are found in endorheic basins or along the courses of mature rivers. In some parts of the world there are many lakes because of chaotic drainage patterns left over from the last Ice Age. All lakes are temporary over geologic time scales, as they will slowly fill in with sediments or spill out of the basin containing them
Important Lakes in India
There are amazingly beautiful and pleasant lakes in India. Some of these lakes are major tourist destination. Some important lakes have been discussed below:
Jag Mandir Lake, Udaipur
Lake Garden Palace or Jag Mandir is situated in Lake Pichola in Udaipur city of Rajasthan. The Palace was constructed by three Maharanas of Mewar Kingdom.
The construction works were started during the reign of Maharana Amar Singh. This beautiful Palace is used to hold parties and as summer resort by the Royal family.
Chilka Lake, Odisha
The Chilka Lake is the major coastal lagoon of India and second largest in World, spread over three districts of Puri, Ganjam and Khurdah in Odisha with covered area of 1100 square kilometers. There more than 160 species of birds visit this lake in the peak season. The Lake is the home of 14 raptor types, 37 types of amphibians and reptiles, many types of fish.
Dal Lake, Srinagar
The Dal Lake or Srinagar’s Jewel is a beautiful urban lake is situated in Srinagar in Jammu & Kashmir. The Dal Lake is one of important place of interest by tourists and this lake is also used water plant harvesting and fishing. The Dal Lake is covered with the 18 square kilometer area and gets frozen in the winter season.
Durgam Cheruvu, Hyderabad
The Secret lake or Durgam Cheruvu is situated near Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh. It is hidden between two localities of Madhapur and Jublee Hills, that’s why it is called secret lake. The Secret Lake is a fresh water lake and covered with 83 acres of area.
Chandubi Lake, Assam
Chandubi Lake is situated at the bottom of Garo Hills in Kamrup district of Assam. The nearest city is Guwahati which is 64 km away from it. This lake surrounded by calm and deep forest which attracts many migratory birds in the winter season.
Thol Lake, Ahmedabad
Thol Bird Sanctuary or The Thol Lake is located in the district of Mehsana in Gujrat. This fresh water lake is a home of 100 species of birds. The nearest city is Ahmedabad which is 40 km away from it.
Renuka Lake, Himachal Pradesh
The largest Lake of Himachal Pradesh is the Renuka Lake which is a low altitude lake with height of 672 meter above sea level. The main season to visit is November as annual fair is held every year. There are attractions like Lion Safari, Boating for tourists. The Renuka Sanctuary is situated beside the Renuka Lake.
Manasbal Lake, Kashmir Valley
Manasbal Lake is located in the district of Ganderbal in Jammu Kashmir. This lake is the deepest lake in India with 13 meter depth. The Mughal garden was built by Nur Jahan for beautify the lake. This lake is around 30 km away from Srinagar.
Tsomoriri Lake is situated in Changthang in Jammu & Kashmir at height of 4595 meter from sea level. This lake is the largest among high altitude lakes in the Trans Himalayan region.