UPSC ONLINE ACADEMY

CULTURAL HISTORY

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42. CULTURAL HISTORY ::TERMINOLOGIES

Aharya Abhinaya : Ornamentation comes under this category

Angika Abhinaya : It is related to the physical movements of the body

Vachika Abhinaya : It is related to the expression that is carried out through the speech

Satvika Abginaya : It is the involuntary movement such as breaking of voice, tear,etc

TARAFS : Muhammad Gawan introduced Administrative units called “Tarafs” to increase the control of
Sultan over the nobles & provinces

Kathi : It was the yard stick for measuring the land; introduced by Malik Ambar

Chauth & Sardeshmukhi : These were the taxes collected not only in the Marartha kingdom but in the
neighbouring territories of the mughal empire

Chauth : It was one fourth of the land revenue paid to the Marathas

Sardeshmukhi : It was an additional levy of one tenth on those lands over which the Marathas claimed
herediatary rights