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Q.1 Consider the following :

Hill Ranges           Place

1. Rajpipla      :   Gujarat

2. Mahadeo       :   Madhya Pradesh

3. Maikala range :   Andhra Pradesh

Select the correct answer using the codes given below :

A) 1 & 3

B) Only 2

C) 1 & 2

D) 1,2,3

Ans. C

Maikala range    :   Madhya Pradesh & Chhatisgarh

Q.2 Consider the following statements :

1. Loktak lake, the biggest fresh water lake is home to the endangered Sangai deer

2. Keibul Lamjao is an integral part of the Loktak Lake

Select the correct answer using the codes given below :

A) Only 1

B) Only 2

C) Both are correct

D) Both are incorrect

Ans. C

Lok tak lake is the largest freshwater lake in Northeast India and is famous for the phumdis

(heterogeneous mass of vegetation, soil and organic matter at various stages of decomposition) floating

over it. The lake is located near Moirang in Manipurstate, India.

The etymology of Loktak is Lok = “stream” and tak = “the end”.

The largest of all the phumdis covers an area of 40 km2(15 sq mi) and is situated on the southeastern

shore of the lake. Located on this phumdi, Keibul Lamjao National Park is the only floating national

park in the world. The park is the last natural refuge of the endangered Sangai (state animal),

Rucervus eldii eldii or Manipur brown-antlered deer (Cervus eldi eldi), one of three subspecies of

Eld’s deer

The Keibul Lamjao National Park is a national park in the Bishnupur district of the state of Manipur in

India. It is 40 km2 (15.4 sq mi) in area, the only floating park in the world, located in North East

India, and an integral part of Loktak Lake.

The national park is characterized by many floating decomposed plant materials locally called phumdis.

To preserve the natural refuge of the endangered Manipur Eld’s deer or brow-antlered deer

(Cervus eldi eldi), or sangai also called the dancing deer, listed as an endangered species by IUCN,

the park which was initially declared to be a sanctuary in 1966, was subsequently declared to be a

national park in 1977 through a gazette notification. The act has generated local support and public


Q.3 “Championing Green Growth and Climate Resilience”  to promote green growth , emerged at :

A) Global Green Growth Institute

B) Greenpeace

C) European Environment Agency

D) World Sustainable Development Summit 2011

Ans. A

The Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) is a treaty-based international organization headquartered in

Seoul, South Korea. The organization aims to promote green growth, a growth paradigm that is

characterized by a balance of economic growth and environmental sustainability. GGGI provides research

and stakeholder engagement for green growth plans, especially in developing countries, aiming to

replace the more typical paradigm based on industrial development.

Founded to support green economic growth that simultaneously addresses poverty reduction, job creation,

social inclusion, and environmental sustainability, GGGI works across four priority areas that are

considered to be essential to transforming national economies, including energy, water, land use, and

green cities.

Motto    Championing Green Growth and Climate Resilience

Formation    16 June 2010

Headquarters Seoul, Republic of Korea

Membership   30 Member countries

Council chair    Ban Ki Moon

Director-General Frank Rijsberman

Budget   USD 55 million (2018

Q.4 The term “Climate Neutrality” sometimes mentioned in the news are related to :

A) World Wild life Fund

B) UNFCCC Secretariat

C) Biocarbon Fund

D) World wildlife Trust

Ans. B

The UNFCCC secretariat launched its Climate Neutral Now initiative in 2015. The following year, the

secretariatlaunched a new pillar under its Momentum for Change initiative focused on Climate Neutral Now,

as part of larger efforts to showcase successful climate action around the world.

The UNFCCC secretariat (UN Climate Change) was established in 1992 when countries adopted the United

Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

With the subsequent adoption of the Kyoto Protocol  in 1997 and the Paris Agreement  in 2015, Parties

to these three agreements have progressively reaffirmed the secretariat’s role as the United Nations

entity tasked with supporting the global response to the threat of climate change.

Since 1995, the secretariat is located in Bonn, Germany.

The secretariat provides technical expertise and assists in the analysis and review of climate change

information reported by Parties and in the implementation of the Kyoto mechanisms. It also maintains

the registry for Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) established under the Paris Agreement, a key

aspect of implementation of the Paris Agreement.

The secretariat organizes and supports between two and four negotiating sessions each year. The largest

and most important is the Conference of the Parties, held annually and hosted in different locations

around the globe. It is the largest annual United Nations conference, attended on average by around

25,000 participants. In addition to these major conferences, the secretariat organizes annual sessions

of the so-called subsidiary bodies as well as a large number of meetings and workshops throughout the


In recent years, the secretariat also supports the Marrakech Partnership for Global Climate Action,

agreed by governments to signal that successful climate action requires strong support from a wide

range of actors, including regions, cities, business, investors and all parts of civil society. At

UN Climate Change Conferences, a large number of events demonstrate how non-Party stakeholders are

working with governments and the UN system to implement the Paris Agreement.


Q.5 With reference to the Special Climate Change Fund, consider the following statements :

1. It was established in 1991 under UNFCCC to finance projects which enable the adaptation to climate change

2. It is operated by United Nation Environment Programme (UNEP) & World Meteorological Organisation (WMO)

Select the correct answer using the codes given below :

A) Only 1

B) Only 2

C) Both are correct

D) Both are incorrect

Ans. D

It was established in 2001 under UNFCCC to finance projects which enable the adaptation to climate change

It is operated by Global Environment Facility (GEF)


In 2001, Parties to the UNFCCC established the Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF) to support climate

change activities that are complementary to the GEF’s climate change projects, with a special focus on

the most vulnerable countries. The objective of the Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF) is to support

adaptation and technology transfer projects and programs that: are country


Q.6 Which among the following country is not the member of the “Mangroves for The Future” ?

A) Cambodia

B) Myanmar

C) Laos

D) Maldives

Ans. C

Mangroves for the Future (MFF)


Member countries: Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Maldives, Myanmar, Pakistan, Seychelles,

Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam       

Outreach countries: Malaysia                                                          

Dialogue countries: Kenya and Tanzania

Duration: Established in 2006, MFF is currently in its third phase (2015 – 2018).

Project Background: The devastation caused by the Indian Ocean tsunami of December 2004 laid bare the

vital link between coastal ecosystems and human livelihoods. It was United States President Bill

Clinton’s vision that rebuilding in tsunami-hit areas should improve natural infrastructure and

strengthen resilience against future natural disasters. In response to this vision, IUCN (International

Union for Conservation of Nature) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) developed Mangroves

for the Future in 2006. Since then, MFF has grown to include eight institutional partners, plus a

growing number of countries. At the launch of the Tsunami Legacy report* at the United Nations in

New York in April 2009, Bill Clinton acclaimed MFF as one of the most positive and forward-looking

developments of the post-tsunami period.

Mangroves for the Future (MFF) is a unique partner-led initiative to promote investment in coastal

ecosystem conservation for sustainable development. Co-chaired by IUCN and UNDP, MFF provides a

platform for collaboration among the many different agencies, sectors and countries which are

addressing challenges to coastal ecosystem and livelihood issues. The goal is to promote an integrated

ocean-wide approach to coastal management and to building the resilience of ecosystem-dependent coastal


Mangroves are the flagship of the initiative, but MFF is inclusive of all types of coastal ecosystem,

such as coral reefs, estuaries, lagoons, sandy beaches, seagrass and wetlands.


Q.7 With respect to the Global Tiger Forum (GTF) , consider the following statements :

1. It is an international symposium to save Tigers in the world with support of South Asian Countries

2. Headquarter of the GTF is located in India because India has the largest tiger population in the world

Select the correct answer using the codes given below :

A) Only 1

B) Only 2

C) Both are correct

D) Both are incorrect

Ans. B

GTF is an intergovernmental body to undertake worldwide campaign & a common programme to save tigers in

the world.

International Symposium on Tiger held at New Delhi during February 1993 , adopted a Delhi declaration

on Tiger conservation .

Headquarter of the GTF is located in India because India has the largest tiger population in the world


Q.8 Consider the following :

1. Jai Samand Lake    :   Largest Artificial lake

2. Pulicat lake       :   Has a largest number of islands within

3. Vembanad lake :   Largest Kayals

Which among the above is/are correctly matched ?

A) Only 2

B) 1 & 3

C) 2 & 3

D) 1,2,3

Ans. B

Explanation :

1.Kolleru lake has the largest number of islands within. Kolleru lake is formed between deltas of Godavari

& Krishna rivers.

Kolleru Lake is one of the largest freshwater lakes in India located in state of Andhra Pradesh and forms

the largest shallow freshwater[3] lake in Asia, 15 kilometers away from the city of Eluru. Kolleru is

located between Krishna and Godavari deltas.[4] Kolleru spans into two districts – Krishna and West

Godavari. The lake is fed directly by water from the seasonal Budameru and Tammilerustreams, and is

connected to the Krishna and Godavari irrigation systems by over 67 major and minor irrigation canals.

This lake is a major tourist attraction. Many birds migrate here in winter, such as Siberian crane, ibis,

and painted storks. The lake was an important habitat for an estimated 20 million resident and migratory

birds, including the grey or spot-billed pelican (Pelecanus philippensis). The lake was declared as a

wildlife sanctuary in November 1999 under India’s Wildlife Protection Act of 1972, and designated a

wetland of international importance in November 2002 under the international Ramsar Convention. The

wildlife sanctuary covers an area of 308 km2.

Egrets, grey herons, painted storks and black-headed ibises gathering in thousands at Kolleru Lake,

Andhra Pradesh, India.

Kolleru Lake under Ramsar Convention (allowing local communities (Here: Vaddi Community) to continue their

occupation of culture fish and caught fish) covers 90,100 hectares (222,600 acres) and Kolleru Lake under

Wildlife Sanctuary covers 166,000 acres (67,200 ha)

2.Pulicat lake :

Pulicat Lagoon is the second largest brackish water lagoon in India, after Chilika Lake. Pulicat Lagoon

is considered to be the second largest brackish water body in India measuring 759* km2. The Lagoon is

one the three important wetlands to attract North-East Monsoon rain clouds during October to December

season to Tamil Nadu. The lagoon comprises the following regions, which adds up 759 km2 according to

Andhra Pradesh Forest Department*: 1) Pulicat Lake (Tamil Nadu-TN & Andhra Pradesh-AP) 2) Marshy/Wetland

Land Region (AP) 3) Venadu Reserve Forest (AP) 4) Pernadu Reserve Forest (AP) The lagoon was cut across

in the middle the Sriharikota Link Road, which divided the water body into lake and marshy land. The

lake encompasses the Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary. The barrier island of Sriharikota separates the lake

from the Bay of Bengal and is home to the Satish Dhawan Space Centre.[1] Major part of the lake comes

under Nellore district of Andhra pradesh.

3. Vembanad lake:

Vembanad (Vembanad Kayal or Vembanad Kol) is the longest lake in India,[1] and the largest lake in the

state of Kerala. Spanning several districts in the state of Kerala, it is known as Vembanadu Lake in

Kottayam, Punnamada Lake in Kuttanad and Kochi Lake in Kochi. Several groups of small islands including

Vypin, Mulavukad, Vallarpadam, Willingdon Island are located in the Kochi Lake portion. Kochi Port is

built around the Willingdon Island and the Vallarpadam island.

The Nehru Trophy Boat Race is conducted in a portion of the lake. High levels of pollution have been

noticed at certain hotspots of the Vembanad backwaters. Government of India has identified the Vembanad

wetland under National Wetlands Conservation Programme.

4. Jai Samand Lake:

Dhebar Lake (also known as Jaisamand Lake) is India’s second-largest artificial lake, after Govind

Ballabh Pant Sagar.[1] It is located in the Udaipur District of Rajasthan State in western India.

It has an area of 87 km2 (34 sq mi) when full, and was created in the 17th century, when Rana Jai Singh

of Udaipur built a marble dam across the Gomati River. It is about 45.0 km (28.0 mi) from the district

headquarters of Udaipur. When first built, it was the largest artificial lake in the world. The

surrounding Jaisamand Wildlife Sanctuary around Dhebar Lake can be reached by the state highway to

Banswara from Udaipur. It is about 27.0 km (16.8 mi) from Parsad (A village on National Highway No. 8).

 Jaisamand Wildlife Sanctuary protects about 162.0 square kilometres (16,200 ha), mostly teakforest, on

the shores of Dhebar Lake. The lake has three islands measuring from 10 to 40 acres

(40,000 to 162,000 m2) each. The Dhebar Lake Marble Dam is 300.0 m (984.3 ft) long and is a part of

the “Heritage Monuments of India”. The dam also has the Hawa Mahal Palace, winter Capital of the

erstwhile Maharanas of Mewar.

Q.9 Which among the following is/are correctly matched ?

1. COP 11    :   Minimata convention on mercury

2. COP 3 :   Kyoto protocol on climate change

3. COP 1 :   Montreal Protocol

Select the correct answer using the codes given below :

A) 1 & 3

B) Only 3

C) 2 & 3

D) Only 2

Ans. B

COP-4 conference in Buenos,

COP 3    :   Kyoto protocol on climate change

>COP 11 : Montreal , It took place between 28 November and 9 December 2005, in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It was the first Meeting of the Parties (CMP 1) to the Kyoto Protocol since their initial meeting in Kyoto in 1997. It was one of the largest intergovernmental conferences on climate change ever.

>COP1    :   Minimata convention on mercury

Q.10 Consider the following :

1. Rajpipla range     :   Rajasthan

2. Suket hills        :   Himachal Pradesh

3. Kali river         :   Delhi

Select the correct answer using the codes given below :

A) 1 & 3

B) Only 2

C) 1,2,3

D) 2 & 3

Ans. B

Rajpipla range   :   Gujarat

Kali river   :   Source : Doon valley in Uttarakhand